National Farmers’ Day, or Kisan Diwas, is observed across the country on December 23rd to honour India’s farmers and to commemorate the birth anniversary of the country’s fifth Prime Minister, Choudhary Charan Singh, who was dedicated to the welfare of farmers.
Chaudhary Charan Singh, who was born into a farming family, was well-known for his farmer-friendly policies. Between July 1979 and January 1980, he served as Prime Minister. During his brief tenure as Prime Minister, Chaudhary Charan Singh fought tirelessly to improve the lives of Indian farmers. He had implemented a number of farmer welfare programmes. In 2001, the government declared Charan Singh’s birth anniversary to be Kisan Diwas. Since then, the 23rd of December has been designated as National Farmers’ Day. Across the country, awareness programmes and initiatives are organised to educate people about the importance of farmers and their contribution to the economy.
Charan Singh was no stranger to the difficulties that Indian farmers encounter. On December 23, 1902, he was born into a middle-class peasant family in Uttar Pradesh. He actively participated in the war for independence after being greatly affected by Mahatma Gandhi’s teachings. Following that, his political career in rural India was mostly devoted to socialism. Charan Singh served twice as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, India’s largest agrarian state, where he was instrumental in implementing land reforms. He was the driving force behind numerous significant farmer-friendly bills, notably the Land Utilisation Bill of 1939 and the Debt Redemption Bill of 1939. He spearheaded the UP’s efforts to eliminate the zamindari system while serving as an agriculture minister in 1952. In reality, he was the one who drafted the UP Zamindari and Land Reforms Bill.
On December 23, 1978, he established the Kisan Trust, a non-political, non-profit organisation dedicated to teaching India’s rural population about injustice and promoting unity among them.
This day is observed as Farmer’s Day to raise awareness among citizens of the country about the importance of farmers’ contributions to society and the country’s overall economic and social growth. The previous Prime Minister worked hard to ensure that farmers had equal opportunity and are not mistreated. He devoted his life to the advancement of cottage enterprises and the agricultural sector. The Kisan Ghat, his memorial in New Delhi, is named after him. On National Farmers’ Day, several events are held around the country to promote farmers and recognise their contributions to the country. The purpose of celebrating Farmer’s Day is to promote farmers around the country by organising various events for Farmers in which victors are awarded various prizes.
National Farmers’ Day is observed by providing information about farming. Officials from the agricultural community educate farmers about the latest technology available, the usage of fertilisers, the precautions to be taken while using chemical fertilisers and pesticides, the availability of loans, and so on. The officials advise various ideas and tactics to the farmers, therefore attending these sessions is quite useful to the farmers. Agriculture-rich states in India, such as Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, and others, are borrowing concepts from Uttar Pradesh to commemorate Kisan Diwas. This is due to the fact that Uttar Pradesh has the biggest population in the country, and the majority of its inhabitants are involved in farming and related occupations.
“The ultimate goal of farming is not the growing of crops, but the cultivation and perfection of human beings”.Masanobu Fukuoka
Kisan Diwas is a reminder to everyone that we must respect, thank and appreciate the hard work of our farmers who work hard to give us food. They are the ones who put their heart and soul into the soil to give it life and give us food. Let us thank them for their efforts and salute their hard work. Happy Farmer’s Day.